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The Date Calculator tool allows you to simulate the calculation of a deadline in a particular Jurisdiction, employing the same computer logic that DC uses when calculating a deadline automatically based upon a Trigger. This allows you to run through the calculations required by a particular procedural rule to determine a deadline without having to select a Trigger and perform a date calculation in DC. To use this tool, you specify a hypothetical Trigger date and the same parameters DC uses when performing date calculations and DC will calculate the date of the resulting deadline. In performing a calculation, the Date Calculator uses the following terminology:
- A Holiday Set--the list of holidays recognized in the Jurisdiction where the calculation will apply.
- A Start Date--the date on which you will base your calculation, the date of a hypothetical Trigger date.
- A Time Period--the number of calendar days, court days, weeks, months or years.
- Whether to Count Forward or Backward--whether you are counting forward from the Start Date to calculate a future deadline or counting backward from the Start Date to determine the date of an action that must be taken a specified period of time before the Start Date.
- Whether to Roll Forward/Backward/Not at All--if the calculated deadline falls on a weekend or holiday recognized in the Jurisdiction, whether to force it forward to the next court date (a date that is neither a holiday nor a weekend) or backward to the previous court date or to accept the deadline calculation without regard to whether it lands on a court date.
To calculate a hypothetical deadline, using the holidays of a particular Jurisdiction:
- Open the Docket Research screen from the Tools menu.
- Click the Docket Calculator shortcut in the upper right corner of the screen.
The Date Calculator Screen will be displayed.
- Select a Jurisdiction from the Holiday Set dropdown list.
- Enter the Start Date in the Start Date field.
Just like a Trigger Date, this is the date upon which you will base your calculation: e.g., 30 days/weeks/months before or after the Start Date.
- Enter the number of time increments you will be counting--.e.g, days, weeks, months, etc.--in the blank field directly below the date field.
- Determine whether the time period is measured in calendar days, court days, weeks, months or years and select the applicable radio button on the screen.
Typically the procedural rule you are trying to simulate will specify the time period. If the rule specifies "days", it will normally means "Calendar Days". Remember that Court Days excludes weekends and the holidays recognized in the selected Jurisdiction.
- Determine whether you are counting forward or backward and make the appropriate selection. Your choice depends upon the purpose of the date calculation.
- Counting Forward. You are trying to calculate a deadline which will occur after the Start Date--e.g., the last day to file an answer after the date of the service of the complaint (Start Date); the last day to file a notice of appeal after the date of the entry of judgment (Start Date).
- Counting Backwards. You are trying to calculate a deadline which will occur before the Start Date--e.g., the date of the last day to file proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law before the date of trial (the Start Date).
- Determine whether you want the calculated deadline to "Roll Forward" or "Roll Backward", if it lands on a holiday or weekend day.
- Roll Forward. If you select "Roll Forward", the Date Calculator will move a date to the next court day--a day that is neither an official holiday nor a weekend day. Most procedural rules grant you until the next court day, if a deadline lands on a weekend or holiday, if you are calculating a future deadline.
- Roll Backward. If you are calculating a deadline that must be met prior to the Trigger Event, such as filing a brief or other submission for the court, the procedural rules might specify that if the calculated date occurs on a weekend or holiday, the deadlines should be moved to the previous court day. If that is the case, then choose "Roll Backward".
- No Roll. If you are only interested in knowing the date of the deadline, regardless of holidays and weekends, then leave the default selection at "No Roll".
- Click the Calculate button when you are done.
The Date Calculator will display the date and day of the week of the deadline.